Guidance on the COVID aware languages classroom
On this page we collect for ALL members and the wider Language teaching community advice, thoughts and recommendations for the context in which we find ourselves from September 2020, when schools across the UK are expected to be welcoming classes back.
The resources here are divided into three sections :
- Statutory, official requirements and advice which tend to cover whole school issues
- Considerations which Language teachers may wish to take into account in relation to their own teaching and learning
- Items received from members : Frequently Asked Questions and possible responses, Case Studies : ‘How we are coping’
NB There is a separate webpage around the issue of Speaking and Endorsement, in addition to what you see here.
The links, advice and resources formerly listed on the page Home Learning Help are still available here.
Statutory, official requirements and advice which tend to cover whole school issues
Guidance on the COVID-aware Language Classroom
From September 2020 many schools (and other institutions) welcome back full classes of pupils, and of older students, and ALL members are aware (along with their colleagues in Senior Leadership and other areas of the curriculum) that the context will be difficult to manage, and may well be different in different establishments.
The priority for all of us must be considerations of maintaining good health: Schools cannot do without their teachers (especially true of Language teachers because of your unique role in modelling the target language, so you must avoid risk yourself.
You will also have concerns about the potential of carrying infection back into your homes and families, and so you will be determined to offset that risk.
And of course you are in a position of loco parentis and are concerned for the well-being of all of your students / pupils in all of your classes.
Families will need reassuring that schools and individual classrooms are not exposing young people to risk. They may also need guidance about how to speak to their children about behaviours and expectations when in and around school.
ALL is planning to collate Languages-specific information and advice over the Summer to support you in your planning and communications. Clearly we should respect any UK Government advice that is forthcoming, as there is a bigger picture of which we are all part. At the same time, as professionals we have concerns which we share with language teaches around the world about possible impact on our practice (e.g. speaking activities, exchanges, visitors, travel abroad), and ALL is already exploring with international partners what advice we can usefully share.
We have a focus on our learners’ progression – in the four Language Skills as well as other dimensions (e.g. cultural understanding) and will be looking for strategies that allow them to progress as well as possible, in what is likely to be a physically constrained classroom context. Current DfE advice (1) mentions as risky classroom behaviour – singing (a mainstay of many Primary Language lessons) and there are discussions of managing singing activities out of doors, or with pupils all facing the front and well-spaced out. These are clearly difficult parameters to maintain in some classrooms, and with some ages of learners.
The generic DfE advice may seem to envisage teacher-led classrooms dominated by Reading and Writing activities. These constitute, of course, only half of the work we would usually plan for, so ALL will be gathering from members, and others, strategies and suggestions for maintaining the profile and role of Listening and Speaking as part of the learning process. This may involve individual activities outside the classroom, and suggestions could exploit technological solutions (although we must also bear in mind questions of equity between learners who will not all have the same access). Listening activities of the quiz or test type may be low risk (in respect of the potential for spreading the virus) but may need broadening into less formal approaches to maintain motivation.
One thing which is worth consideration even now is the standing of Target Language use by the teacher; in order to give learners the most access to hearing and responding to the Language they are learning (for development of Phonics knowledge, vocabulary, memorisation and grammatical patterns) without the learners necessarily having to respond in speech themselves. Teachers may well be considering enhancing or prioritising their own use of the Language in speech.
Welsh Government Update: Autumn Term 2020
Guidance for Language Teachers July 2020
The following documents are guidance for Teachers based on information as of July 2020.
Considerations which Language teachers may wish to take into account
The DfE document above refers to :
Schools should note that there may be an additional risk of infection in environments where you or others are singing, chanting, playing wind or brass instruments or shouting. This applies even if individuals are at a distance.
This may well be relevant also to Language lessons (especially in Primary where singing is a core activity). The following article take a different angle:
ALL members have asked DfE for specific guidance on choral speaking, but have as yet received no specific response.
If a class is seated facing the front of the class the projection of any droplets may well not create a particular risk of contamination.
Classroom equipment :
The requirements for regular cleaning of sports equipment, etc. may impact on things Language teachers use regularly for teaching and learning also:
- Whiteboards – pupils may need to have their own ?
- Laminated cards / documents
- Soft toys or puppets for story-telling or roleplay
- Dice, mini-flashcards, etc.
- Shared laptops, textbooks, worksheets
Blended learning, or home learning has been a feature of the Lockdown period, but has issues of equity for pupils who do not have online access at equipment at home . Colleagues may wish/need to have plans of how to maintain learning for pupils in this situation (See FAQs) .
The article below highlights some issues.
Stephen Heppell: Home learning : equity
The obvious equity problem from having some children at home with no technology, no bandwidth and no support is tough enough, but is only a part of the problem. In 2020 it is not unusual to have a parent's "work" computer around, but these are often locked down ("no downloading") and with a parent often working from home too, there is competition for use of even that restricted computer, and for bandwidth ("will you stop streaming, I'm trying to Zoom for work"). Experience of home learning varies. All homes are unique.
Tasks need be be pre-announced, to have a clear and finite time for completion, to have a warning of the approaching completion deadline and to have an endpoint which values everyone's contributions. As you move away from this model you will lose engagement and participation. Clearly also the tasks need to be "bigger" - more project based application than disaggregated knowledge collection. Tasks can overlap a little too: you might be pre-announcing an activity as a previous one is drawing to a close. The pre-announcements need to contain little "hooks" to catch everyone's attention. These work best as visual material, usually.
Online learning in lockdown can be a lonely place. There are myriad reasons for setting tasks and activities often in pairs or maybe threes. Having other members in your little group keeps everyone on task ("see you tomorrow; let's see how far we've got by then..."). A collaborative task has an immediate sense of audience, but most importantly perhaps it considerably reduces the load on the teacher as the children mentor and partner each other along. And the children will signal problems ("nobody has heard from him in 5 days...") with their peers.
Children born in this millennium will need the skills of working with others around the world. Home learning is a wonderful opportunity to help build that capability. If you have contacts of colleagues in other schools in other countries, then arranging shared activities with them will help build these skills. Perhaps most important is for your learners to understand the difference between working with others sharing your line of longitude and sharing with others, as you sleep, on your line of latitude.
Learning needs spaces for (1) collaboration, (2) for individual endeavour and (3) for celebration / exhibition / audience. Try to think how those three map onto your online learning experience. The collaboration in this instance is largely online, or with siblings. Often it is far too one-way and then individual - a lot of Me but not much See and We. Online galleries of work are appealing, but you can think of many other good solutions, no doubt.
When we surveyed thousands of people in the 1990s to ask about their fondest remembered "best learning experiences" they always reported that there was an audience for their work. This is an area where online learning has huge advantages. Not many see your work on a classroom wall; the whole world can see your work in a gallery online. In setting and managing home learning tasks, paying attention to the widest possible audience is time well spent that will be repaid in further engagement. If you don't have a gallery or some online celebration of the children's work, you are missing a really important element. TV show's like Blue Peter have known that for decades.
For all sorts of reasons, many school organise their children in same age groupings, rather than same stage groupings. With the exception of twins, triplets etc and "merged families" few children live with others the same age. In our 30 years of online learning work it has been clear that mixed age tasks on line are effective. The littlest ones want to adopt the role model of the oldest and the oldest respond well to the responsibility of leadership.
Members helping Members - Frequently Asked Questions and how we are coping
Send your advice for others to read to info@ALL-Languages.org.uk
How is your school providing language learning next year?
How will we need to adapt our practice?
What positive outcomes can we foresee for the Autumn term?
Frequently Asked Questions
All answers and thoughts welcome
- Use of target language in the classroom if speaking is to be kept to a minimum
- How to maximise speaking opportunities in our Y11 and Y13 classes as speaking exams are not going to take place
- How to teach in a blended learning environment where individual children or parts of classes are being taught online whilst the rest of the class is being taught in school
- How to facilitate access to the lesson for students who might be working from home – with inline access and especially without inline access
- Creating flexible schemes of work to cater for sudden lockdowns (with online teaching or work being sent home)
- What we would keep from teaching online in lockdown (because it actually enhances our classroom practice)
- What we would prefer not to keep and why (what can we only achieve through classroom teaching and how should we prioritise this when we have our students back in class)
- What apps and websites we would like students to have access to on their devices (for those who have devices)
- What equipment we would like students to have for MFL lessons
- What support we would like to provide for students and why (KOs etc.)
How we are coping
ALL members are always great supporters of each other, and we invite you to send to ALL, for wider sharing, any suggestions for:
- Strategies for maintaining as much ‘normality’ as possible, while avoiding risk
- Plans that fit your context
- Messages to learners
- Messages to families
Please write to info@ALL-Languages.org.uk
"My school taught online throughout lockdown and we have been working to a normal timetable, but I know other colleagues who have been sending through work each day, others have been working on a rota basis (one week on, one week off), even some colleagues have been teaching in another school in their partnership."
"We've decided to do "silent repetition" (mouthing/whispering words rather than our usual full repertoire of repetition techniques), we're cutting down on the amount of pair work and setting limited speaking activities where pupils can respond to each other but stay facing forward rather than turning towards their partner whilst doing this, we're putting our repetition onto Google Classroom so this can be used as a Home Practice activity and pupils can practice individually. We will check pronunciation by asking individual pupils to repeat words and do activities as Teacher - Individual Pupil, rather than in Pairs. Some colleagues from other schools have simply said it's "chalk and talk" with nothing else."
UNESCO offers advice to teachers and school leaders on their return to school. These pages on COVID-19 and Education (Education: From disruption to recovery), are documents you may wish to read or share with your colleagues and departments. There were also a series of 6 webinars which took place which can be viewed here in full:
Other UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank documents relating to COVID-19 can be found below:
Webinar 1: Learning
Webinar #1 of the joint UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank webinar series on the reopening of schools
Webinar 2: Safe School Operations
Webinar #2 of the joint UNESCO-UNICEF - World Bank webinar series on the reopening of schools.
Webinar 3: Well-being
Webinar #3 of the joint UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank webinar series on the reopening of schools.
Webinar 4: Reaching the most marginalized
Webinar #4 of the joint UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank webinar series on the reopening of schools.
Webinar 5: High stakes exams (World Bank)
Webinar #5 of the joint UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank webinar series on the reopening of schools.
Webinar 6: The latest evidence on the reopening of schools
Webinar #6 of the joint UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank webinar series on the reopening of schools.
Please see below links to Parliament POST briefings on: